Journal Article

The impact of structural factors on the injury rate in different European countries

KARIN A. MELINDER and RAGNAR ANDERSSON

in The European Journal of Public Health

Published on behalf of European Journal of Public Health

Volume 11, issue 3, pages 301-308
Published in print September 2001 | ISSN: 1101-1262
Published online September 2001 | e-ISSN: 1464-360X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/11.3.301
The impact of structural factors on the injury rate in different European countries

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  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Economics of Health
  • Health, Illness, and Medicine

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Background: A previous study pointed to there being two kinds of injuries - those with a mainly social genesis and those with a mainly environmental genesis. The aim of this study was to analyse how socioeconomic factors - such as level of economic development, alcohol consumption and unemployment and more cultural factors - such as education and religion - relate to kinds of injury. Methods: Motor vehicle traffic accidents were chosen to represent injuries with a predominantly environmental genesis and suicides those with a mainly social genesis. Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) complemented by Pearson correlation was employed. The data come from 12 European countries. Results: Four groups of countries emerged from the analysis. Group 1 was high on both kinds of injuries and was also high on all the independent variables considered. Group 2 was low on social injuries and high on environmental injuries; it had a low level of economic development, high alcohol consumption and a high proportion of Roman Catholics. Group 3 was high on social injuries and low on environmental injuries; it had a high level of economic development, low alcohol consumption and few Roman Catholics. Group 4 was low on both kinds of injuries; the independent variables formed a similar pattern to those of group 3. Conclusion: The pattern for traffic fatalities differs from that of suicides. There is also patterning with regard to structural factors; economic level, education and religion seem to be more important with regard to injury rate differentials than alcohol consumption or unemployment

Keywords: Europe; injury; social phenomenon; suicide; traffic accident

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology ; Economics of Health ; Health, Illness, and Medicine

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