Journal Article

Community-level football injury epidemiology: traumatic injuries treated at Swedish emergency medical facilities

Toomas Timpka, Jan Schyllander, Diana Stark Ekman, Robert Ekman, Örjan Dahlström, Martin Hägglund, Karolina Kristenson and Jenny Jacobsson

in The European Journal of Public Health

Published on behalf of European Public Health Association

Volume 28, issue 1, pages 94-99
Published in print February 2018 | ISSN: 1101-1262
Published online May 2017 | e-ISSN: 1464-360X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx053
Community-level football injury epidemiology: traumatic injuries treated at Swedish emergency medical facilities

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  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Economics of Health
  • Health, Illness, and Medicine

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Abstract

Background

Despite the popularity of the sport, few studies have investigated community-level football injury patterns. This study examines football injuries treated at emergency medical facilities using data from three Swedish counties.

Methods

An open-cohort design was used based on residents aged 0–59 years in three Swedish counties (pop. 645 520). Data were collected from emergency medical facilities in the study counties between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2010. Injury frequencies and proportions for age groups stratified by sex were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and displayed per diagnostic group and body location.

Results

Each year, more than 1/200 person aged 0–59 years sustained at least one injury during football play that required emergency medical care. The highest injury incidence was observed among adolescent boys [2009 injuries per 100 000 population years (95% CI 1914–2108)] and adolescent girls [1413 injuries per 100 000 population years (95% CI 1333–1498)]. For female adolescents and adults, knee joint/ligament injury was the outstanding injury type (20% in ages 13–17 years and 34% in ages 18–29 years). For children aged 7–12 years, more than half of the treated injuries involved the upper extremity; fractures constituted about one-third of these injuries.

Conclusions

One of every 200 residents aged 0–59 years in typical Swedish counties each year sustained a traumatic football injury that required treatment in emergency healthcare. Further research on community-level patterns of overuse syndromes sustained by participation in football play is warranted.

Journal Article.  3869 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology ; Economics of Health ; Health, Illness, and Medicine

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