Journal Article

A process evaluation of the ‘Aware’ and ‘Supportive Communities’ gambling harm-minimisation programmes in New Zealand

Komathi Kolandai-Matchett, Maria Bellringer, Jason Landon and Max Abbott

in The European Journal of Public Health

Published on behalf of European Public Health Association

Volume 28, issue 2, pages 369-376
Published in print April 2018 | ISSN: 1101-1262
Published online August 2017 | e-ISSN: 1464-360X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx120
A process evaluation of the ‘Aware’ and ‘Supportive Communities’ gambling harm-minimisation programmes in New Zealand

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  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Economics of Health
  • Health, Illness, and Medicine

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Abstract

Background

The Gambling Act 2003 mandated a public health strategy for preventing and minimising gambling harm in New Zealand. Aware Communities and Supportive Communities are two public health programmes subsequently implemented nationwide. These programmes differed from common health promotion initiatives such as media or education campaigns as they were community-action based (requiring community involvement in programme planning and delivery). We carried out a process evaluation to determine their implementation effectiveness and inform improvement and future programme planning.

Methods

Our qualitative dominant mixed methods design comprised analysis of over a hundred implementer progress reports (submitted July 2010 - June 2013), a staff survey and a staff focus group interview.

Results

The programmes demonstrated capacity to not only achieve expected outcomes (e.g. enhanced community awareness about harmful gambling), but also to enhance social sustainability at the community level (e.g. established trustful relationships) and achieve some programme sustainability (e.g. community ownership over ongoing programme delivery).

Conclusions

The evaluation noted the potential for a sustainable gambling harm-minimisation model. Community-action based harm-minimisation programmes offer programme sustainability potential which in turn offers funding cost-effectiveness when there are continual public health outcomes beyond initial funding. Although resource intensive, the community-action based approach enables culturally appropriate public health programmes suitable for societies where specific ethnic groups have higher gambling risk. Recognition of such harm-minimisation programmes’ contribution to social sustainability is important considering the potential for broader public health outcomes (e.g. better life quality, lesser social problems) within socially sustainable societies.

Journal Article.  4133 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology ; Economics of Health ; Health, Illness, and Medicine

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