Reference Entry

Bacchiacca

Charles Colbert

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T005536

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[Bachiacca; Ubertini, Francesco]

(b Florence, March 1, 1494; d Florence, 1557).

Italian painter and draughtsman (see fig.). He belonged to the generation of Pontormo and Rosso Fiorentino, but, with a conservative disposition and limited talents, he never regarded style as a vehicle for creative expression as much as they did. His contribution to the evolution of Mannerism is, nevertheless, the central issue for critics of his work. Although he studied with Perugino and was heavily influenced by him, he did not demonstrate an exclusive allegiance to any one style even in his earliest works. In Adam and Eve with their Children (c. 1517; Philadelphia, PA, Mus. A.), for example, the figures of the parents are borrowed from Perugino’s Apollo and Marsyas (Paris, Louvre), but the landscape comes from Albrecht Dürer’s print of Adam and Eve (1504) and the children are taken from God Appearing to Noah, engraved by Marcantonio Raimondi. The curious transformation of Perugino’s Apollo into Eve is telling evidence of Bacchiacca’s unfamiliarity with the nude, a shortcoming he never overcame. Throughout his career, he effected a compromise between conservative and progressive elements. His reference to a northern print in ...

Reference Entry.  1328 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; Architecture ; Renaissance Art

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