Reference Entry


Ann McKeighan Lee

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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American city and seat of Erie County in the state of New York. Buffalo is situated at the eastern end of Lake Erie, where the lake flows into the Niagara River, and has a population of c. 328,000. Designed as a village for the Holland Land Co. in 1803 by Joseph Ellicott (1760–1826), the settlement grew rapidly after the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, developing into a major port, rail centre, livestock and grain market and becoming known as the gateway to the Midwest. The migration to the suburbs in the 1950s was detrimental to architectural development. The city’s notable buildings include St Paul’s Episcopal Cathedral by Upjohn family, §1 (spire 1870; church rebuilt after the fire of 1888 by R. W. Gibson (1854–1927)); the State Hospital (1872–7) by H(enry) H(obson) Richardson; and the Guaranty (1894–6; now Prudential) Building by Dankmar Adler...

Reference Entry.  491 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Art of the United States

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