Reference Entry

Castro, (Maria de) Lourdes

Ruth Rosengarten

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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(b Funchal, Madeira, Dec 9, 1930).

Portuguese painter, wife of René Bertholo. After a few months in Munich (1957), the couple settled in Paris (1958), where, from 1960, they were involved in the KWY group of Portuguese émigré artists (founded 1958). Castro made lyrical abstract paintings in the 1950s, after which she experimented with new materials, and her work evolved rapidly towards a more confrontational mode. In the early 1960s she worked on a series of constructions of sundry objects bathed in a uniform silvery dye. Sinister, serious and humorous, these works bear some affinity to those by Niki de Saint Phalle of the same period. Other works explore the notion of presence and absence, either by uniformly filling in human silhouettes projected on to canvas, or deploying overlapping cut-out silhouettes in transparent materials. Castro worked consistently with shadows from the mid-1960s, making a film with shadows in 1965, publishing Ombres transparents...

Reference Entry.  236 words. 

Subjects: Painting ; 20th-Century Art

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