Reference Entry


Gregory L. Possehl

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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Ancient site of the Indus or Harappan civilization (c. 2550–2000 bc) near the present flood plain of the Indus River in southern Sind, Pakistan. The group of three low mounds was originally part of a Harappan Mature or Urban Phase settlement c. 5 ha in extent. Chanhu-daro was first excavated by Nani Gopal Majumdar of the Archaeological Survey of India in 1930 (Majumdar, pp. 35–44), then in 1935–6 by Ernest J. H. Mackay, who was also responsible for extensive excavations at Mohenjo-daro. A large trench opened by Majumdar on Mound III disrupted much of this area for future digging, although the rest of the site was basically undisturbed. These excavations revealed that the occupation of Chanhu-daro can be divided into four periods, with four occupational sub-levels: Period IV, the Jhangar culture, perhaps datable to the late Bronze Age; Period III, the Trihni culture, of uncertain date; Period II, the Jhukar or Post-urban Harappan Phase; and Period I, the Harappan Urban Phase. Little is known of these upper periods at Chanhu-daro, and the exact relationship between the important Jhukar levels and the Urban Phase has not yet been established....

Reference Entry.  591 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Prehistoric Art ; South and Southeast Asian Art

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