Reference Entry

Collagraph

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T018575

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[collage intaglio; collagraphy]

Printmaking technique in which the plate is constructed of adhered elements. A collagraph plate can be inked in both relief and intaglio, and an embossed impression can be obtained by printing the plate dry without inking it. It can be combined with other techniques, for example by incorporating etched or photo-etched plates on to the collagraph plate. The origins of the technique probably lie in the one-off collages of artists such as Klee, Picasso and Schwitters. Its earliest developed use as a collage technique applied to printmaking is by Rolf Nesch, who referred to his prints as metalcuts. In 1932 Nesch started to solder pieces of metal to his plates, drill the plates and sew elements together with metal wire. Early, American examples of adherents applied to plates are the prints of Boris Margo (b 1902), who used celluloid dissolved in acetone to build up areas on a celluloid plate. He then embedded textures and materials into the plate and scratched it to achieve further texture (e.g. ...

Reference Entry.  277 words. 

Subjects: Prints and Printmaking

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