Reference Entry

Dawkins, James

Margaret Lyttleton

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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(b 1722; d Jamaica, Dec 1757).

English traveller and antiquarian. He was educated at Oxford University, spent several years as a young man travelling in Italy and was elected as a member of the Society of Dilettanti in 1755. He was referred to in James Boswell’s Life of Johnson as ‘Jamaica Dawkins’, as his family had extensive sugar plantations in Jamaica. He travelled with Robert Wood and John Bouverie to Baalbek and Palmyra in 1750. For this journey they chartered a boat from London and joined it in Naples; it was well equipped with a library of Greek histories and poems, volumes of antiquities and travel books. They visited many of the Greek islands and part of the Greek mainland, the Bosporus and the coast of Turkey, before travelling overland to Baalbek and Palmyra, where Bouverie died. Together with Wood, Dawkins later published The Ruins of Palmyra and The Ruins of Balbec, to which he contributed the measured drawings (and all of the costs). He and Wood gained a great reputation by these splendid publications of antiquities, though most of the credit for them has gone to Wood....

Reference Entry.  234 words. 

Subjects: 18th-Century Art ; Art of the Middle East and North Africa

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