Reference Entry

Duchamp-Villon [Duchamp], (Pierre-Maurice-)Raymond

Marie-Noelle de Grandry-Pradel

in Oxford Art Online

ISBN: 9780198662037
Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T023908
Duchamp-Villon [Duchamp], (Pierre-Maurice-)Raymond

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(b Damville, Eure, Nov 5, 1876; d Cannes, Oct 7, 1918).

French sculptor and draughtsman. The second son of a Normandy notary, he played a central role in the development of modern aesthetics, as did his elder brother Jacques Villon and his younger brother (Henri-Robert-)Marcel Duchamp. He came from an educated family and was an assiduous student at secondary school in Rouen; in 1894 he registered at the Faculté de Médecine in Paris, where he attended classes for several years. Rheumatic fever forced him to break off his studies in 1898 just before completion and left him immobilized for a considerable length of time; this unforeseen event altered the whole course of his life. During this period of enforced leisure (1899–1900), he modelled small statuettes (of subjects such as familiar animals and female figures), discovering his true vocation as a sculptor. He was essentially self-taught and rapidly attained a high level of mastery and maturity. He settled in Paris ...

Reference Entry.  1480 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art ; Sculpture and Carving ; 19th-Century Art ; 20th-Century Art

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