Reference Entry

Egbert, Archbishop of Trier

Franz J. Ronig

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T025007

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(b c. ad 950; reg 977–93; d ?Trier, 8–9 Dec 993).

Patron. He was the son of Dirk II, Count of Holland (reg c. 940–88), and Hiltigard of Flanders. Educated at Egmond Abbey, he then studied with Bruno, Archbishop of Cologne (reg 953–61). He must already have been at the Court of the Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I, and became chancellor in 976 and Archbishop of Trier in 977. In the upheavals during the minority of Otto III, he sided with Henry, Duke of Bavaria, against Empress Theophano (d 991). Egbert promoted monastic reforms in Trier and Lotharingia, while scholarship also flourished at Trier and Mettlach; the Archbishop himself corresponded with such Church figures as Gerbert (later Pope Sylvester II, reg 999–1003). In Church politics he represented the ‘Primatus sedendi in synodis Galliae et Germaniae’. There are two works of art portraying Egbert that support this claim: the splendid Ruodprecht Psalter (Cividale del Friuli, Mus. Archeol. N., Cod. 136), which with its series of miniatures of the bishops of Trier traced back to St Peter served to demonstrate that the apostolic succession belonged to Trier; and the gold sheath for the staff of St Peter (988; Limburg, Domschatzkam.) with representations of bishops of Trier and Roman popes....

Reference Entry.  820 words. 

Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections ; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400)

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