Reference Entry

Etienne-Martin

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T026908

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[Martin, Etienne]

(b Loriol-sur-Drôme, Feb 4, 1913; d Paris, March 21, 1995).

French sculptor. He studied sculpture at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Lyon from 1929 to 1933 and while in Lyon met the writer Marcel Michaud (1898–1958). In his last year at the Ecole he won the Prix de Paris, which allowed him to travel to Paris to continue his studies under Charles Malfray, at the Académie Ranson (1934); in the same year he met Duchamp. In 1936 Michaud founded the Témoignage group in Lyon, which Etienne-Martin joined together with François Stahly, Alfred Manessier and others. Etienne-Martin’s sculptures of this period consisted largely of bronze and stone heads, such as Head of Andrée (1935; see 1971 exh. cat., pl. 2). From 1939 to 1941 he was first mobilized and then held prisoner in Germany. After his release, he returned briefly to Nyons, Drôme, before moving in 1942 to the community at Oppède, Vaucluse, where Stahly was also living. In ...

Reference Entry.  749 words. 

Subjects: Sculpture and Carving ; 20th-Century Art

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