Reference Entry

Garrard, George

Stephen Deuchar

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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(b London, May 31, 1760; d London, Oct 8, 1826).

English painter and sculptor. After serving an apprenticeship with Sawrey Gilpin, later his father-in-law, Garrard became a student at the Royal Academy Schools, London, in 1778, exhibiting his first sporting picture there in 1781. Though his occasional genre paintings were better received than his many animal subjects (Sir Joshua Reynolds purchased his View of a Brew-house Yard from the Academy exhibition of 1784), he initially determined to practise as a sporting artist, probably on the advice of the notorious sportsman Colonel Thomas Thornton (1755–1823) for whom he had worked in the 1780s.

Guided by his patron, the brewer and philanthropist Samuel Whitbread MP (1764–1815), Garrard began to expand his artistic range and by 1800 was attempting to gain additional recognition as a sculptor of both animal and human form. In 1800 he was elected ARA. Joseph Nollekens called Garrard ‘a jack-of-all-trades’; Joseph Farington believed that his failure to attain full membership of the Royal Academy, despite strenuous efforts, was directly due to his unwillingness to specialize in one field. With Whitbread’s help, Garrard successfully secured a copyright act for the protection of sculptors (...

Reference Entry.  357 words. 

Subjects: Painting ; Sculpture and Carving ; 18th-Century Art ; 19th-Century Art

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