Reference Entry

Gutai

Shin’ichiro Osaki

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T035754

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[Gutai Bijutsu Kyōkai; Jap.: Concrete Art Association]

Japanese group of artists, active between 1954 and 1972. It was formed by 18 young avant-garde artists, led by Jirō Yoshihara, one of the founders of Japanese abstract painting. Following Yoshihara’s guidance in creating an anti-individualistic form of expression, the group started by holding an open-air exhibition at the Ashiyagawa riverside. The members began experimenting in performance art, for example breaking through single-leaf paper screens and creating other staged pieces such as San basō ultra-moderne by Kazuo Shiraga (b 1924). This consisted of archers firing at a theatrical set and was performed in Osaka in 1957 (see 1986 exh. cat., p. 298). The group also practised kinetic art, for example in Work: Water by Sadamasa Motonaga, in which water was filtered through suspended fabrics at the Second Open-air Exhibition in Ashiya in 1956 (see 1986 exh. cat., p. 319).

The members of Gutai (Jap.: embodiment) also continued to create many paintings that were related to European ...

Reference Entry.  573 words. 

Subjects: 20th-Century Art ; East Asian Art

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