Reference Entry

Hénard, Eugène Alfred

Robert Jay

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T037495

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(b Paris, 1849; d Paris, 1923).

French architect, engineer and writer. He studied in the studio of his father Antoine-Julien Hénard (1812–87), a professor at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. Graduating in 1880, he secured a position with the municipal architectural offices of the city of Paris and continued to work there throughout much of his career, specializing in school construction. Hénard’s most original contributions were in the planning and construction of the Expositions Universelles, Paris, of 1889 and 1900. In 1887 he proposed a ‘train continu’, actually a travolator, to transport visitors around the Exposition of 1889. The idea was rejected at the time but was realized by others in the later international expositions in Chicago (1893) and Paris (1900). At the Exposition of 1889 Hénard supervised the building of the Galerie des Machines (destr. 1909) by Charles-Louis-Ferdinand Dutert and Victor Contamin (1840–98) and later published an extraordinarily detailed account of its construction. He was among three finalists in the competition for a comprehensive plan for the ...

Reference Entry.  466 words. 

Subjects: Architecture ; 19th-Century Art ; 20th-Century Art

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