Reference Entry

Huang Tingjian

Shen Fu

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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[Huang T’ing-chien; zi Luzhi; hao Shangu Laoren]

(b Fenning [modern Xiushui], Jiangxi Province, 1045; d Fenning, 1105).

Chinese calligrapher, poet and scholar-official. He is regarded as the avant-garde figure of the Four Great Calligraphers of the Northern Song (960–1127), who emphasized individual expression in their work; the others are Cai Xiang, Su Shi and Mi Fu (see Mi family, §1; see also China, People’s Republic of §IV 2., (iv)). Huang was a calligraphy critic and an early theorist of literati painting (wenren hua; see China, People’s Republic of §V 4., (ii)) and is also acknowledged as the founder of the Jiangxi school of poetry. A member of an exceptionally cultured family of well-known poets, he became associated with individuals such as Su Shi, who at court opposed the reforms of the Chief Councillor, Wang Anshi (1021–86). As a result of political struggles between conservatives and reformers, Huang was exiled in 1094 to Fuzhou in Sichuan Province and only after this produced his most impressive calligraphy....

Reference Entry.  587 words. 

Subjects: Book Arts and Illustration ; East Asian Art

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