Reference Entry


M. K. Dhavalikar

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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Bronze Age site at a small village of the same name, south-east of Pune, Maharashtra, India. Excavations yielded evidence of human habitation from c. 1700 to c. 900 bc. Initially, the people lived in rectangular houses with low mud walls and thatched roofs, and later (c.1200–c. 900 bc) in round huts. Among the numerous artefacts from the site are some interesting human figurines of baked or unbaked clay, which are all hand-modelled with curved projections for the hands and stumpy legs. There is no attempt at delineating facial features except for a pinched nose in some examples. Two unbaked female figures, one with head and the other without, seem to be associated with the religious beliefs of the people, for they were found carefully deposited below a house floor dated c. 1400 bc. The figurine with a head was placed in a clay box, while the headless figurine was positioned together with an unbaked clay bull on the lid of the container. The unique headless figure has a hole in her abdomen that corresponds with a similar one in the bull for the insertion of a dowel to attach the figurine to the back of the bull. Sculptures of a headless goddess occur in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka over a long period (...

Reference Entry.  396 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Prehistoric Art ; South and Southeast Asian Art

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