Reference Entry


Joan Stanley-Baker

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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(b Zhongling [modern Jin xian], Jiangxi Province, or Jiangning [modern Nanjing], Jiangsu Province; fl ad 975–93).

Chinese painter. Juran and his predecessor Dong Yuan practised what was known in the Northern Song period (960–1127) as scholar painting (shidaifu hua) and are widely regarded as founders of the so-called Southern school of scholar–amateur idealist painting.

Juran was initially a Buddhist monk in Jiangning, the Southern Tang (ad 937–75) capital. After Tang capitulation to the Northern Song in 975, he moved to the Song capital of Bianliang (Kaifeng) where, living in the Kaiyuan Temple, he produced landscape scrolls and murals and achieved fame as a painter. Between 985 and 993, Su Yijian, scholar at the Hanlin Academy, built two studio-pavilions east and west of the Jade Hall, part of the Hanlin Academy, and commanded Juran to paint their exterior walls. Juran produced Yanlan xiaojing (‘Smokey mountain vapours at dawn’), which became celebrated. Hong Zunyi wrote in his Hanyuan qunshu that Juran’s ‘brush traces [were] wild and untrammelled like Li Cheng, yet he achieved the marvels of his own distinct style’....

Reference Entry.  1258 words. 

Subjects: Painting ; East Asian Art

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