Reference Entry

Mohenjo-daro

Gregory L. Possehl

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T058826

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Site of an ancient city on the west bank of the Indus River, about 90 km south-west of Shikarpur, Sind, Pakistan. It was a settlement of the Mature or Urban Phase of the Indus or Harappan civilization (c. 2550–2000 bc) and covers an area of some 100 ha. Mohenjo-daro (Sindhi: ‘mound of the dead men’) is the modern place name; the ancient name of the city is not known. It was first visited by an archaeologist in 1911–12 (see Bhandarkar), but its significance was not recognized until the 1920s. Excavations by R. D. Banerji for the Archaeological Survey of India in 1921–2 around the c. 2nd–4th-century ad Buddhist stupa on the western mound, the so-called ‘Citadel’, uncovered stamp seals similar to those found at Harappa 644 km to the north-east (Marshall, p. 10). These finds led to the full excavation of Mohenjo-daro, initially under John Marshall, then under ...

Reference Entry.  770 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Prehistoric Art ; South and Southeast Asian Art

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