Reference Entry

Pfemfert, Franz

Michael Butler

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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(b Lötzen, East Prussia [now Gizycko, Poland], Nov 20, 1879; d Mexico City, May 26, 1954).

German editor and writer. He grew up in Berlin, where he worked until 1933. After the Nazis came to power, he emigrated via Czechoslovakia, France and the USA to Mexico. Self-educated, he mixed with anarchist circles and in 1910 became editor of Der Demokrat. In 1911 he founded and edited Die Aktion, a weekly newspaper for politics and literature, which became his life’s work. From 1912 the masthead bore the extended title Wochenschrift für Politik, Literatur und Kunst and for the next six years the paper was at the forefront of revolutionary ideas in art, literature and society. Its most influential period coincided with early Expressionism. Die Aktion brought together journalists, poets and painters in an atmosphere of radical internationalism and left-wing pacifism. It regularly printed black-and-white drawings and woodcuts, including work by Paul Cézanne, Honoré Daumier, Eugène Delacroix, Raoul Dufy, Lyonel Feininger, Vincent van Gogh, Franz Marc, Ludwig Meidner, ...

Reference Entry.  233 words. 

Subjects: Publishing ; Latin American and Caribbean Art ; 20th-Century Art

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