Reference Entry

Punched print

David P. Becker

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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Type of print for which marks are impressed by hammering punches, small metal tools, into the surface of a metal plate, which is then printed by either a relief or intaglio process. The techniques of punch printing evolved in the second half of the 15th century from those used at least since the 12th century in Europe by metalsmiths and leather bookbinders for decorating their products, using small metal punches to impress repetitive design elements into a surface. The ends of the printing punches varied from simple points and dots to more elaborate carved motifs, such as stars, diamonds, fleurs-de-lis and simplified flower or cloud designs. By the 20th century, tools included the dotting punch, matting punch and ring punch.

The first prints using the above techniques appeared in Germany and the Netherlands, a large number emanating from the Cologne region. Many of these have historically been referred to as ...

Reference Entry.  828 words. 

Subjects: Prints and Printmaking

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