Reference Entry

Rothschild

Bet McLeod

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T074113

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[de Rothschild]

European family of collectors and patrons. It can be said that the fortune of the Rothschild family, acquired over six generations, began with Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1743–1812) of Frankfurt am Main, who, from the 1760s, supplied William of Hesse-Kassel (later William IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel) with rare coins. Mayer Amschel was appointed financial adviser to William in 1801, and his family emerged from the Napoleonic Wars with immense personal fortunes, based on finance, that were to increase considerably throughout the 19th century. Mayer Amschel had five sons: the four sons living on the Continent were raised to the rank of Baron of the Austrian Empire in 1822; the English branch of the family was raised to the baronetcy in 1847 and one section to the peerage in 1885. Unless otherwise stated, all the works mentioned are in Rothschild family private collections.

Baron James Mayer de Rothschild (1792–1868...

Reference Entry.  3056 words. 

Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections ; Financial Aspects of Art ; 19th-Century Art ; 20th-Century Art

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