Reference Entry


Joachim Hahn

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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  • Archaeology
  • Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage
  • Prehistoric Art


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Cave site in Kreis Heidenheim, Germany. It has yielded one of the earliest and best-executed assemblages of art objects of the Upper Palaeolithic period (c. 40,000–c. 10,000 bp; see also Prehistoric Europe §II ). Excavated in 1931 by Gustav Riek, Vogelherd has the longest known stratigraphic sequence in south-western Germany, having yielded Middle Palaeolithic, Micoquian, Mousterian, Aurignacian, Magdalenian and Early Neolithic stone tool assemblages. The most important in terms of the number of artefacts and bones recovered are the Aurignacian levels, which also yielded human skeletal remains belonging to the earliest known specimens of Homo sapiens sapiens in the region. The rich fauna comprised mammoths, horses, reindeer, rhinoceroses, red deer, cattle, chamois, wolves, foxes and lions. Radiocarbon dates for these levels range from c. 32,000 bp to c. 27,000 bp. During this period stone artefacts were produced on the terrace outside the cave, and many tools have been found in the interior, where most of the antler and bone artefacts were concentrated around a large hearth belonging to level V; almost all the art objects in the cave were also found in a single location, suggesting an intentional cache. The art material recovered from the site is exhibited by the university library, Tübingen, and the Altes Schloss, Württembergisches Landesmuseum, Stuttgart....

Reference Entry.  397 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage ; Prehistoric Art

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