Reference Entry

Vrangel’, Nikolay (Nikolayevich), Baron

Jeremy Howard and Sergey Kuznetsov

in Oxford Art Online

Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI:

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(b Kiev province, July 2, 1880; d Warsaw, July 15, 1915).

Russian art historian. One of the founders of Russian art history, in 1902, despite his youth and inexperience, he organized and compiled the catalogue for a retrospective exhibition of Russian portraits in the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences. This event proved one of the first penetrating visual assessments of 18th- and early 19th-century Russian culture. His role in the organization of exhibitions was fundamental: through his efforts the first Russian solo exhibitions were held (of Orest Kiprensky and Aleksey Venetsianov, both in 1911, at the Russian Museum in St Petersburg), for which he wrote and compiled the catalogues, as well as the important exhibition One Hundred Years of French Art, 1812–1912 (St Petersburg, 1912). In 1904 he published the first catalogue of the painting and sculpture in the Russian Museum of Tsar Alexander III. In 1907 he joined the editorial board of the new magazine Staryye gody (‘Bygone years’), in which he published many important articles, including a pioneering study of Russian miniatures (...

Reference Entry.  418 words. 

Subjects: History of Art ; 20th-Century Art

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