Reference Entry

Yamachawan

Masaaki Arakawa

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T092623

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[Jap.: ‘Mountain teabowls’]

Generic term for various types of unglazed Japanese tableware produced from the late Heian period (794–1185) to the Muromachi period (1333–1568), mainly in the Tōkai region (Aichi and Gifu prefectures) and Shizuoka and Mie prefectures. The name yamachawan first appeared in the Engishiki (a 10th-century record of court regulations). Production centres that later made high-quality glazed ceramics, such as Seto , Atsumi (Aichi Prefect.) and Tokoname , began as yamachawan kilns. During the late Heian period kilns such as Sanage , which had produced ash-glazed wares ( see Japan §IX 2., (ii), (b) ), also switched to making unglazed yamachawan. This change was brought about by a decline in the demand for high-quality wares from aristocratic patrons in Kyoto and an increased demand for utilitarian wares by small provincial farmers. Mass production brought with it a decline in quality: clay became coarser, and precise wheel-throwing techniques were replaced by the simpler coil-and-throw method. The evolution of ...

Reference Entry.  667 words. 

Subjects: Ceramic Arts, Pottery, and Glass ; East Asian Art

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