Reference Entry

Shizishan

Uta Lauer

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2002 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T097511

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Archaeological site situated east of the city of Xuzhou in Jiangsu Province. Excavation of six pits on the lower slopes of Shizishan (Lion Hill) in 1984 uncovered a remarkable terracotta army. The pits are estimated to contain more than 4000 figures, dating from the Western Han period (206–24 bc ). The pottery figures are covered with a white slip and coloured pigments. The standing figures measure about 540 mm in height and the kneeling ones about 270 mm. It was the third terracotta army unearthed in China, a fourth was later discovered in 1990, 50 km north-east of Xi’an in Shaanxi Province.

In 1994, archaeologists discovered a Western Han tomb at Shizishan. Seven royal tombs of the ruling imperial family had already been found in the vicinity of Xuzhou at Chuwangshan, Xiaoguishan, Nandongshan, Dongdongshan, Tuolanshan, Woniushan and Beidongshan. The location of the tombs reflects the status enjoyed by the area during the Han period; the founder of the dynasty, Liu Bang (...

Reference Entry.  984 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; East Asian Art

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