Reference Entry

Eleutherna

Dimitris Plantzos

in Oxford Art Online

ISBN: 9780195300826
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T2080541
Eleutherna

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[Satra]

Greek city situated on the island of Crete, by the north-west foothills of mount Psiloritis (anc. Ida), 30 km south-east of the present-day city of Rethymnon. It was a centre for Aegean and Greek culture from the Prehistoric to the Byzantine periods (4th millennium bc–7th century bc).

Ancient Eleutherna is a typical example of a Cretan polis (city) inhabited continuously from at least from the 9th century bc (the so-called ‘Dark Age’ of Greek history) to the late Roman and Byzantine period (6th–7th century bc). Even before that, archaeological finds suggest the existence of a continuous presence on the site from the late Neolithic (4th millennium bc) through to a flourishing Minoan site of the 3rd to 2nd millennia bc. Although later construction all but eliminated traces of prehistoric architecture, there is still significant evidence to confirm unbroken habitation. In historical times (9th century...

Reference Entry.  1485 words. 

Subjects: Fashion, Jewellery, and Body Art ; Archaeology ; Painting ; Architecture ; Sculpture and Carving ; Greek and Roman Art ; Prehistoric Art ; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400)

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