Reference Entry

Fashion and technology

Sarah Scaturro

in Oxford Art Online


Published online July 2009 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T2081369

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art
  • Fashion, Jewellery, and Body Art
  • Textiles and Embroidery
  • 18th-Century Art
  • 19th-Century Art
  • 20th-Century Art
  • Contemporary Art

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Technology influences the physical manifestation of fashion, affecting a garment’s appearance and performance. Throughout history, changes in technology affecting the production of materials and the manufacture of garments and accessories have spurred changes in fashion design. In the 20th and 21st centuries, technology has affected not only the look of fashion, but how the fashion system works.

Much of the relationship between technology and fashion centres on textiles. Looms often determine the size and complexity of textiles. Fabric woven on a simple backstrap loom has inherently smaller widths in reference to the size of the human body, whereas fabric woven on the drawloom can be several feet wide and contain more complex weave structures, which translates into more sophisticated patterning options. The drawloom process (which requires two people—the weaver and a person who ‘draws’ up warps at specific points to create the pattern) was mechanized in the early 19th century with the invention of the jacquard loom and its punch card system. Lyons in France and Spitalfields in England were two of the most technologically advanced silk-weaving centres....

Reference Entry.  1211 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art ; Fashion, Jewellery, and Body Art ; Textiles and Embroidery ; 18th-Century Art ; 19th-Century Art ; 20th-Century Art ; Contemporary Art

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.