Reference Entry

Public art in the 21st century

Jeremy Hunt and Jonathan Vickery

in Oxford Art Online


Published online June 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T2093917

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  • Landscape Art and Architecture
  • Public Art, Land Art, and Environmental Art
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  • Sculpture and Carving
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  • History of Art
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  • 20th-Century Art
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At the turn of the millennium, public art was an established global art genre with its own professional and critical discourse, as well as constituencies of interest and patronage independent of mainstream contemporary art. Art criticism has been prodigious regarding public art’s role in the ‘beautification’ of otherwise neglected social space or in influencing urban development. Diversity and differentiation are increasingly the hallmarks of public art worldwide, emerging from city branding strategies and destination marketing as well as from artist activism and international art events and festivals. The first decade of the 21st century demonstrated the vast opportunity for creative and critical ‘engagement’, activism, social dialogue, and cultural co-creation and collective participation. New public art forms emerged, seen in digital and internet media, pop-up shops, and temporary open-access studios, street performance, and urban activism, as well as architectural collaborations in landscape, environment or urban design.

Intellectually, the roots of contemporary public art can be found in the ludic and the architectonic: in the playful public interventions epitomized in the 1960s by the ...

Reference Entry.  1849 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Landscape Art and Architecture ; Public Art, Land Art, and Environmental Art ; Architecture ; Sculpture and Carving ; Art Techniques and Principles ; History of Art ; Art of the United States ; 20th-Century Art ; Contemporary Art

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