Reference Entry

Bazaar

Mohammad Gharipour

in Oxford Art Online


Published online September 2014 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T2271555

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  • Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage
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Bazaar, which is rooted in Middle Persian wāzār and Armenian vačaṟ, has acquired three different meanings: the market as a whole, a market day, and the marketplace. The bazaar as a place is an assemblage of workshops and stores where various goods and services are offered.

Primitive forms of shops and trade centres existed in early civilizations in the Near East, such as Sialk, Tepe in Kashan, Çatal Hüyük, Jerico, and Susa. After the 4th millennium BC, the population grew and villages gradually joined together to shape new cities, resulting in trade even with the remote areas as well as the acceleration of the population in towns. The advancement of trade and accumulation of wealth necessitated the creation of trade centres. Trade, and consequently marketplaces, worked as the main driving force in connecting separate civilizations, while fostering a division of labour, the diffusion of technological innovations, methods of intercultural communication, political and economic management, and techniques of farming and industrial production....

Reference Entry.  941 words. 

Subjects: Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage ; Architecture ; African Art (Sub-Saharan) ; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art ; 18th-Century Art ; 19th-Century Art ; South and Southeast Asian Art ; 20th-Century Art ; Art of the Middle East and North Africa ; East Asian Art

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