Reference Entry


David Toop

in Oxford Music Online

Published in print January 2001 |
Published online January 2001 | e-ISBN: 9781561592630 | DOI:

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American rap group . The group was formed in 1982 by the rappers Run (Joseph Simmons; b New York, 24 Nov 1966) and DMC (Darryl McDaniels; b New York, 31 May 1964), and DJ Jam Master Jay (Jason Mizell; b New York, 1965; d New York, 30 Oct 2002). From the beginning of its career the group was managed by Simmons’s brother, Russell, whose companies included Rush Productions and Def Jam Recordings. The group’s chanted raps and hard-edged, minimal sound, produced by Larry Smith on records such as It’s like that, Sucker MCs and Hard Times, were complemented by a gangster image that ran counter to the flamboyant styles then fashionable in hip hop. From the influence of Def Jam’s co-owner, Rick Rubin, Run DMC incorporated more heavy metal guitars into their recordings. This led to their 1986 collaboration with Aerosmith on Walk this way. The record’s impact on both rap and rock fans was enhanced by MTV’s enthusiastic support for its accompanying video. During the mid-1980s the group were the biggest stars of hip hop, starring in films such as ...

Reference Entry.  241 words. 

Subjects: Popular Music

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