Reference Entry


Annie Randall

in Oxford Music Online

Published in print November 2013 |
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781561592630 | DOI:

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The term refers to the extraordinary zealotry of Beatles fans during the Liverpool band’s first flush of international fame, initially appearing in British newspapers in late 1963. It was soon adopted in North America as well to refer to fans’ seemingly insatiable desire for Beatles products—records (both 45s and LPs), concert tickets, fan magazines, or objects imprinted with the Beatles’ logo or images of the performers. This was exceeded only by fans’ demand for personal contact with the performers; typically, highly demonstrative crowds would cluster around the stage door of concert venues, television studios, and radio stations wherever and whenever the band was expected. The Beatles were also greeted by hordes of ardent fans at airports around the world, notably at JFK Airport in February of 1964 (their US arrival) and 1965 concerts at Shea Stadium and the Hollywood Bowl. Their fans’ behavior, especially that of their female fans, was characterized by incessant screaming, crying, and even fainting, satirized in the film ...

Reference Entry.  405 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques

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