Journal Article

Aberrant DNA methylation of imprinted loci in superovulated oocytes

A. Sato, E. Otsu, H. Negishi, T. Utsunomiya and T. Arima

in Human Reproduction

Published on behalf of European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

Volume 22, issue 1, pages 26-35
ISSN: 0268-1161
Published online August 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2350 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humrep/del316
Aberrant DNA methylation of imprinted loci in superovulated oocytes

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BACKGROUND: There is an increased incidence of rare imprinting disorders associated with assisted reproduction technologies (ARTs). The sex-specific epigenetic modifications that are imposed during gametogenesis act as a primary imprint to distinguish maternal and paternal alleles. The most likely candidate for the gametic mark is DNA methylation. However, the timing of DNA methylation acquisition in adult oocytogenesis and the effects of superovulation are unknown. METHODS: We examined the maternal methylation of PEG1(MEST), LIT1(KCNQ1OT1) and ZAC(PLAGL1) and the paternal methylation of H19 in adult growing oocytes of humans and mice and compared them with the methylation status of mouse neonatal growing oocytes by using bisulphite sequencing. Furthermore, we examined the effects of superovulation in the human and mouse. RESULTS: Maternal methylation of these genes has already been initiated to some extent in adult human and mouse non-growing oocytes but not in mouse neonates. In addition, the methylation dynamics during adult human and mouse oocyte development changed more gradually than those during neonatal oocyte development. Furthermore, we found the demethylation of PEG1 in growing oocytes from some ART-treated infertile women and a gain in the methylation of H19. We also detected methylation changes in superovulated mice. CONCLUSION: Our studies in the human and mouse suggest that superovulation can lead to the production of oocytes without their correct primary imprint and highlight the need for more research into ARTs.

Keywords: ART; DNA methylation; genomic imprinting; human adult oocyte; superovulation

Journal Article.  7072 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Reproductive Medicine

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