Journal Article

The pattern of structural change: testing the product space framework

Nicola D Coniglio, Raffaele Lagravinese, Davide Vurchio and Massimo Armenise

in Industrial and Corporate Change

Volume 27, issue 4, pages 763-785
Published in print August 2018 | ISSN: 0960-6491
Published online April 2018 | e-ISSN: 1464-3650 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icc/dty009
The pattern of structural change: testing the product space framework

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • International Trade
  • Housing Markets, Production Analysis, and Business Location
  • Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Abstract

The set of available local “capabilities” determines what an economy produces today (its static comparative advantage) and, at the same time, defines the trajectories that the process of structural change may take in the future. The product space (PS) framework developed in recent seminal works by economists and physicists suggests that path-dependence characterizes the evolution of the production basket (Hausmann and Klinger, 2007, Harvard University Center for International Development Working Paper #146; Hidalgo et al., 2007, Science Magazine, 317(5837), 482–487). These authors represent economies as sets of productive capabilities that can be combined in different ways to produce different products. Countries progressively change their production baskets and move toward goods that require capabilities that are already available; on the contrary radical structural change rarely happens. In this article, we analyze the evolution over time of the production baskets in 107 Italian provinces (NUTS 3) and perform the first test on the PS hypothesis of path-dependence. We investigate whether new products entering the provincial production baskets are nonrandomly related to initial production baskets. We confirm the general tendency of path-dependence but highlight at the same time that a sizable share of “new products” are an exception to this general pattern. These “random entries” over the PS are particularly interesting for industrial policy, since they represent radical deviations from the initial comparative advantage. In the final part of the article, we investigate using parametric analysis the product and provincial characteristics that determine these deviations from the PS pattern.

Keywords: F1; R3; R11; R13

Journal Article.  11705 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Trade ; Housing Markets, Production Analysis, and Business Location ; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.