Journal Article

Evaluation of the AID ESBL line probe assay for rapid detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and KPC carbapenemase genes in Enterobacteriaceae

Guido V. Bloemberg, Silke Polsfuss, Vera Meyer, Erik C. Böttger and Michael Hombach

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 69, issue 1, pages 85-90
Published in print January 2014 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online September 2013 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkt345
Evaluation of the AID ESBL line probe assay for rapid detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and KPC carbapenemase genes in Enterobacteriaceae

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Objectives

This study aimed at evaluating the AID ESBL line probe assay for the detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and KPC carbapenemase genes in Enterobacteriaceae.

Methods

The AID ESBL line probe assay was verified for accuracy of its probes using PCR products from clinical ESBL Enterobacteriaceae strains harbouring TEM, SHV and CTX-M ESBL genes and KPC genes and mutant fusion PCR products generated from Enterobacteriaceae strains containing wild-type (wt) TEM and wt SHV. Sensitivity and specificity was determined testing a set of 424 clinical Enterobacteriaceae strains (including 170 strains negative for TEM, SHV, CTX-M and KPC to evaluate the possibility of false positive signals).

Results

The line probe assay was shown to detect with 100% accuracy ESBL genes for which oligonucleotide probes are present in the assay. Testing a set of 424 clinical Enterobacteriaceae strains showed 100% sensitivity and specificity for the detection and differentiation of TEM, SHV and CTX-M ESBL genes present in that group. In addition, the line probe assay detected KPC genes accurately.

Conclusions

The AID ESBL line probe assay is an accurate and easy-to-use test for the detection of ESBL and KPC genes, which can readily be implemented in the diagnostic laboratory.

Keywords: TEM; SHV; CTX-M; KPC; antibiotic resistance

Journal Article.  3571 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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