Journal Article

Importance of Polarisome Proteins in Reorganization of Actin Cytoskeleton at Low pH in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Mitsuyoshi Motizuki and Zhaojun Xu

in The Journal of Biochemistry

Published on behalf of The Japanese Biochemical Society

Volume 146, issue 5, pages 705-712
Published in print November 2009 | ISSN: 0021-924X
Published online July 2009 | e-ISSN: 1756-2651 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jb/mvp116
Importance of Polarisome Proteins in Reorganization of Actin Cytoskeleton at Low pH in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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The actin cytoskeleton of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be altered rapidly in response to external cues. We reported previously that S. cerevisiae responds to low-pH stress by transiently depolarizing its actin cytoskeleton, and that this step requires a mitogen-activated protein kinase, high osmolarity glycerol 1 (Hog1p). This study further investigated the components involved in this actin reorganization at pH 3.0. Gene deletions on the Sln1p branch of the HOG pathway completely blocked actin depolarization, suggesting that Hog1p activation depends mainly on the osmosensor Sln1p. The protein-synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide did not influence the time course of actin depolarization, suggesting that the depolarization is a direct effect of the HOG pathway. Deletion of the scaffolding protein, Spa2p, or the Spa2p-interacting protein Pea2p, markedly inhibited the depolarization, and further deletion of the formin protein, Bni1p, notably delayed actin repolarization. Our results suggest the involvement of polarisome proteins, such as Spa2p, Pea2p and Bni1p, but not Bud6p, in Hog1p-dependent reorganization of the yeast actin cytoskeleton at low pH.

Keywords: actin cytoskeleton; Hog1; low pH; polarisome; Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Journal Article.  4208 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry

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