Journal Article

Cumulative exposure to disadvantage and the intergenerational transmission of neighbourhood effects

Lina Hedman, David Manley, Maarten van Ham and John Östh

in Journal of Economic Geography

Volume 15, issue 1, pages 195-215
Published in print January 2015 | ISSN: 1468-2702
Published online December 2013 | e-ISSN: 1468-2710 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbt042

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Studies of neighbourhood effects typically investigate the instantaneous effect of point-in-time measures of neighbourhood poverty on individual outcomes. It has been suggested that it is not solely the current neighbourhood, but also the neighbourhood history of an individual that is important in determining an individual’s outcomes. Using a population of parental home-leavers in Stockholm, Sweden, this study investigates the effects of two temporal dimensions of exposure to neighbourhood environments on personal income later in life: the parental neighbourhood at the time of leaving the home and the cumulative exposure to poverty neighbourhoods in the subsequent 17 years. Using unique longitudinal Swedish register data and bespoke individual neighbourhoods, we are the first to employ a hybrid model, which combines both random and fixed effects approaches in a study of neighbourhood effects. We find independent and non-trivial effects on income of the parental neighbourhood and cumulative exposure to poverty concentration neighbourhoods.

Keywords: Neighbourhood effects; cumulative exposure; intergenerational transmission; poverty concentration; hybrid model; bespoke neighbourhoods; I30; J60; R23

Journal Article.  9568 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Welfare and Poverty ; Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies ; Household Analysis

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