Journal Article

Planes, Trains and Automobiles: The Impact of the WTO ‘Court’ on Canada in its First Ten Years

Jacqueline D. Krikorian

in Journal of International Economic Law

Volume 8, issue 4, pages 921-975
Published in print December 2005 | ISSN: 1369-3034
Published online November 2005 | e-ISSN: 1464-3758 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jiel/jgi051
Planes, Trains and Automobiles: The Impact of the WTO ‘Court’ on Canada in its First Ten Years

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Observers interested in the nature and scope of judicial policy-making traditionally focused on the extent to which domestic courts shaped national policy arrangements. With the emergence of more robust international tribunals, however, many are raising questions about the degree to which foreign judges are influencing domestic legal regimes. This project addresses one corner of this debate by analysing the impact of the WTO ‘court’ on Canada. The legal challenges have provoked considerable controversy as the country has lost, either in whole or in part, each case brought against it. Moreover, there has been widespread public concern about these disputes as many have involved significant social issues. Yet despite the country’s successive defeats before the WTO ‘court’, the policy impact of the trade tribunal has been relatively modest. Contrary to suggestions, the WTO dispute settlement mechanism has not superimposed some form of neo-liberal order on the Canadian state via its judicial decision-making process.

Journal Article.  26277 words. 

Subjects: Financial Law ; Public International Law ; Economics

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