Journal Article

The International Monetary System: A Look Back Over Seven Decades

Andreas F. Lowenfeld

in Journal of International Economic Law

Volume 13, issue 3, pages 575-595
Published in print September 2010 | ISSN: 1369-3034
Published online October 2010 | e-ISSN: 1464-3758 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jiel/jgq023
The International Monetary System: A Look Back Over Seven Decades

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This article offers a historical account of the genesis and development of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The original design and functions are discussed and subsequent changes described, in particular the advent of floating currencies in 1971 in place of the original fixed exchange rate regime based on the US dollar. Ever since then, the IMF has not seen itself as being in a position to assume its main functions among industrialized countries. In particular, surveillance based upon Article IV procedures did not develop and mature. The article recalls some of the most important interventions of the Fund and reactions by countries affected. It concludes by addressing potential functions of the Fund to prevent future global financial crises.

Journal Article.  9748 words. 

Subjects: Financial Law ; Public International Law ; Economics

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