Journal Article

Soy Intake and Breast Cancer Risk: An Evaluation Based on a Systematic Review of Epidemiologic Evidence Among the Japanese Population

Chisato Nagata, Tetsuya Mizoue, Keitaro Tanaka, Ichiro Tsuji, Akiko Tamakoshi, Keitaro Matsuo, Kenji Wakai, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane and Shizuka Sasazuki

in Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology

Volume 44, issue 3, pages 282-295
Published in print March 2014 | ISSN: 0368-2811
Published online January 2014 | e-ISSN: 1465-3621 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jjco/hyt203
Soy Intake and Breast Cancer Risk: An Evaluation Based on a Systematic Review of Epidemiologic Evidence Among the Japanese Population

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Clinical Medicine
  • Medical Oncology
  • Radiation Oncology
  • Surgical Oncology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Objective

We reviewed epidemiological studies of soy intake and breast cancer among Japanese women. This report is one among a series of articles by our research group, which is evaluating the existing evidence concerning the association between health-related lifestyles and cancer.

Methods

Original data were obtained from MEDLINE searches using PubMed or from searches of the Ichushi database, complemented with manual searches. Evaluation of associations was based on the strength of evidence and the magnitude of association, together with biological plausibility.

Results

Five cohort studies and six case–control studies were identified. Among the cohort studies, two studies observed that total soy intake (in terms of total amounts of soy foods or soy isoflavones) was associated with a moderate (0.5 ≤ relative risk ≤ 0.67 with statistical significance) or strong (relative risk ≤ 0.5 with statistical significance) risk reduction of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Among the case–control studies, two studies reported a weak (0.67 ≤ odds ratio ≤ 1.5 with statistical significance or 0.5 ≤ odds ratio ≤ 0.67 without statistical significance) inverse association between total soy intake and the risk of breast cancer. In the former, this association was observed in all women combined—premenopausal and postmenopausal women—but in the latter, the association was confined to postmenopausal women. The associations of intakes of individual soy foods with the risk of breast cancer were generally null. There is some evidence that supports the biological plausibility of a protective effect of isoflavones on breast cancer risk.

Conclusions

We conclude that soy intake possibly decreases the risk of breast cancer among Japanese women.

Keywords: systematic review; epidemiology; dietary soy; breast cancer; Japanese

Journal Article.  4425 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Medicine ; Medical Oncology ; Radiation Oncology ; Surgical Oncology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.