Journal Article

A novel cDNA from Parthenium argentatum Gray enhances the rubber biosynthetic activity in vitro*

In Jeong Kim, Stephen B. Ryu, Yeon Sig Kwak and Hunseung Kang

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Published on behalf of Society for Experimental Biology

Volume 55, issue 396, pages 377-385
Published in print February 2004 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online February 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh039
A novel cDNA from Parthenium argentatum Gray enhances the rubber biosynthetic activity in vitro*

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Natural rubber (cis‐1,4‐polyisoprene) is an isoprenoid compound produced exclusively in plants by the action of rubber transferase. Despite a keen interest in revealing the mechanisms of rubber chain elongation and chain length determination, the molecular nature of rubber transferase has not yet been identified. A recent report has revealed that a 24 kDa protein tightly associated with the small rubber particles of Hevea brasiliensis, therefore designated small rubber particle protein (SRPP), plays a positive role in rubber biosynthesis. Since guayule (Parthenium argentatum Gray) produces natural rubber similar in size to H. brasiliensis, it is of critical interest to investigate whether guayule contains a similar protein to the SRPP. A cDNA clone has been isolated in guayule that shares a sequence homology with the SRPP, thus designated guayule homologue of SRPP (GHS), and the catalytic function of the protein was characterized. Sequence analysis revealed that the GHS is highly homologous in several conserved regions to the SRPP (50% identity). In vitro functional analysis of the recombinant protein overexpressed in E. coli revealed that the GHS plays a positive role in isopentenyl diphosphate incorporation into high molecular weight rubbers as SRPP does. These results indicate that guayule and Hevea rubber trees contain a protein that is similar in its amino acid sequence and plays a role in isopentenyl diphosphate incorporation in vitro, implying that it contributes to the enhancement of rubber biosynthetic activity in rubber trees.

Keywords: Guayule, Hevea brasiliensis, IDP incorporation, Parthenium argentatum, rubber biosynthesis, rubber particle protein.

Journal Article.  5221 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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