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United States Diplomatic and Consular Staff in Tehran, United States v Iran, Judgment, ICJ GL No 64, [1980] ICJ Rep 3, ICGJ 124 (ICJ 1980), 24th May 1980, International Court of Justice [ICJ]



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Whether the preliminary questions of admissibility and jurisdiction barred the Court from hearing the dispute.

Whether the seizure, hostage taking, and detention of United States diplomatic and consular members by Iranian militants was attributable to Iran, considering that Iran knew about, but completely failed to act on, its obligations to prevent and intervene in the conduct in question.

Whether Iran had violated, and continued to violate, its obligations under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations,in the seizure and hostage-taking of members of United States diplomatic and consular staff in Iran.

Whether any United States diplomatic or consular staff member may be detained by Iran to be subjected to or participate in any form of judicial proceedings.

Whether Iran must make reparations for the above-mentioned violations, and if so, whether the Court may set the amount of reparations absent an agreement between Iran and the United States.

Keywords: Attribution; Consular relations; Customary international law; Detention; Diplomatic immunity; Diplomatic relations; Equitable principles; Hostage taking; International courts and tribunals, admissibility of claims; International courts and tribunals, jurisdiction; International courts and tribunals, procedure; Reparation; Use of force, prohibition

Legal Material.  29133 words. 

Subjects: Individuals and Non-state Actors ; Public International Law ; International Law ; Law

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