Legal Material

Oil Platforms, Iran v United States, Judgment, merits, ICJ GL No 90, [2003] ICJ Rep 161, ICGJ 74 (ICJ 2003), 6th November 2003, International Court of Justice [ICJ]



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Whether an attack on Iranian oil platforms by United States naval forces was a necessary and proportionate measure of self–defence allowed under Article 2(4) of the Charter of the United Nations, in that the attack was, as the United States argued, necessary to protect essential security interests.

Whether to uphold the counter–claim by the United States that actions by Iran in the Persian Gulf during 1987–8 created extremely dangerous conditions for shipping, thereby violating Article X of the Treaty of Amity, Economic Relations and Consular Rights between the United States and Iran.

Keywords: Armed attack; Proportionality and immediacy; Self-defence; Treaties, interpretation; Treaties, breach; Treaties, scope (temporal and territorial); Use of force

Legal Material.  102466 words. 

Subjects: International Humanitarian Law ; Public International Law ; International Law ; Law

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