Diarrhoea and vomiting

Edited by Mike Sharland

in Manual of Childhood Infections

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Royal College of Paediatrics & Child Health & European Society of Paediatric Infectious Diseases

Published in print April 2016 | ISBN: 9780198729228
Published online June 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191796142 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Specialist Handbooks in Paediatrics

Diarrhoea and vomiting

Show Summary Details


Among infectious diseases, a number of infections remain a constant threat to humans. In addition, there are the emerging, re-emerging (or resurging), newly recognized, and deliberately emergent infectious diseases. Emerging and re-emerging infections are often a consequence of complex interactions between the pathogen, the host, and the environment. Pathogens, particularly viruses, have a selective advantage in adapting to new ecological niches because of their high replication rates. Host factors include: population growth and migration; increase in international travel, trade, technology, and industry; behavioural changes; an ageing population; the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and immunosuppressive drugs; breakdown of public health measures; war; poverty and social inequality; and intentional biological attacks. Environmental factors (many of them induced by humans) include: climate and weather changes; agricultural development and land use; changing ecosystems; livestock farming; changing relationships between humans and animals; deforestation; reforestation; urbanization; famine; and flooding.

Chapter.  1601 words. 

Subjects: Paediatrics ; Infectious Diseases

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.