This chapter presents anaesthetic equipment used in paediatric anaesthesia. Airway equipment is described in detail with specific examples. This includes a description of the variety of supraglottic airway devices, endotracheal tubes, laryngoscopes for direct and indirect visualization of the larynx, breathing systems, ventilators, and modes of ventilation. Equipment for perioperative monitoring of the paediatric patient is reviewed. Practical advice regarding monitoring neonates and small babies is given particular attention. The use of the bispectral index (BIS) monitor and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) are discussed. New advances in pulse oximetry that enable better monitoring with low perfusion states and motion are included.
Chapter. 8928 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Paediatrics ; Anaesthetics
Full text: subscription required