Chapter

Adolescent HIV and infection

Rashida Ferrand

in Oxford Textbook of Global Health of Women, Newborns, Children, and Adolescents

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print December 2018 | ISBN: 9780198794684
Published online March 2019 | e-ISBN: 9780191836145 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198794684.003.0015
Adolescent HIV and infection

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Infectious diseases remain the leading cause of death in adolescents despite the improvements in public health that have occurred in the past decades. While mortality rates from infections are slowly declining in this age group, an exception is HIV, with HIV-related deaths having tripled in the last decade. As with other infections, the risk of acquiring HIV is partly explained by the biological and physical environment. However, the biological changes and the social and behavioural context of adolescence play an important role in determining risk. Notably, infections can result in long-term complications and consequent disability. While effective methods to prevent and treat many common infections do exist, the major challenges are to make these accessible to adolescents, an age-group that is often neglected by health programmes. In addition, adherence to treatment for chronic infections such as HIV, remains a major barrier to ensuring successful outcomes.

Chapter.  2389 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health ; Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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