Chapter

Hormones and Mood

Gail Erlick Robinson and Sophie Grigoriadis

in Psychiatric Care of the Medical Patient

Third edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print June 2015 | ISBN: 9780199731855
Published online August 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780190213381 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199731855.003.0067
Hormones and Mood

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Estrogen and progesterone have effects on many parts of the body, including the breast, uterus, heart, bones, and the brain. The effects differ according to the woman’s age, her menopausal status, and whether these hormones are acting together or independently. An imbalance of hormones can alter reproductive function, appearance, and mood as in polycystic ovarian syndrome. Estrogen also has a direct effect on the brain, increasing the growth of neurites and interacting with the neurotransmitters responsible for maintaining mood. Some women appear to be highly sensitive to normal changes in reproductive hormones, making them susceptible to depression and other psychiatric disorders premenstrually and in the perimenopause. The role of estrogen and progesterone in treating these disorders, either directly or as an adjunct to other medications, is still being explored.

Chapter.  9674 words. 

Subjects: Psychiatry

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