Journal Article

Tracing the Phylogeography of Human Populations in Britain Based on 4th–11th Century mtDNA Genotypes

A. L. Töpf, M. T. P. Gilbert, J. P. Dumbacher and A. R. Hoelzel

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

Published on behalf of Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution

Volume 23, issue 1, pages 152-161
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 0737-4038
Published online September 2005 | e-ISSN: 1537-1719 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msj013
Tracing the Phylogeography of Human Populations in Britain Based on 4th–11th Century mtDNA Genotypes

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Molecular and Cell Biology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Some of the transitional periods of Britain during the first millennium A.D. are traditionally associated with the movement of people from continental Europe, composed largely of invading armies (e.g., the Roman, Saxon, and Viking invasions). However, the extent to which these were migrations (as opposed to cultural exchange) remains controversial. We investigated the history of migration by women by amplifying mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from ancient Britons who lived between approximately A.D. 300–1,000 and compared these with 3,549 modern mtDNA database genotypes from England, Europe, and the Middle East. The objective was to assess the dynamics of the historical population composition by comparing genotypes in a temporal context. Towards this objective we test and calibrate the use of rho statistics to identify relationships between founder and source populations. We find evidence for shared ancestry between the earliest sites (predating Viking invasions) with modern populations across the north of Europe from Norway to Estonia, possibly reflecting common ancestors dating back to the last glacial epoch. This is in contrast with a late Saxon site in Norwich, where the genetic signature is consistent with more recent immigrations from the south, possibly as part of the Saxon invasions.

Keywords: Ancient DNA; Doggerland; human; phylogeography

Journal Article.  7089 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology ; Molecular and Cell Biology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.