Journal Article

GENE-37. PATHWAY ANALYSIS OF RADIATION-INDUCED MENINGIOMAS REVEALS THAT TUMOURS WITH NF2-FUSION HAVE UPREGULATION OF INFLAMMATORY PATHWAYS

Suganth Suppiah, Sameer Agnihotri, Jeff Liu, Mamatjan Yasin, Ken Aldape and Gelareh Zadeh

in Neuro-Oncology

Volume 19, issue suppl_6, pages vi100-vi100
Published in print November 2017 | ISSN: 1522-8517
Published online November 2017 | e-ISSN: 1523-5866 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/nox168.410
GENE-37. PATHWAY ANALYSIS OF RADIATION-INDUCED MENINGIOMAS REVEALS THAT TUMOURS WITH NF2-FUSION HAVE UPREGULATION OF INFLAMMATORY PATHWAYS

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION

As more pediatric cancer patients are surviving into adulthood from improved oncological therapy there is an increase in the long-term sequelae of treatment. Radiation-induced meningiomas (RIMs), one such secondary effect, demonstrate significantly different biology than sporadic meningiomas (SMs) and demonstrate clinically more aggressive behaviour. RIMs have been shown to not harbor mutations in common SM associated driver genes, such as NF2, TRAF7, KLF4, PIK3CA and SMO; however, a subset of RIMs have genomic rearrangements with NF2 gene fused to a reciprocal gene, which was previously not seen in SMs. We aimed to compare and contrast the gene expression in RIMs with and without the NF2-fusion event.

METHODS

A primary cohort of 7 RIMs with NF2-fusion and 12 RIMs with wildtype NF2 had RNA sequencing performed using the Illumina HiSeq platform. RNA-Seq expression profiles were analyzed using edgeR, available through BioConductor. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis was performed using Cytoscape®.

RESULTS

Principle component analysis of the RNA-Seq data showed that 5/7 RIMs with NF2-fusion were similar to one another. One of the outliers was the only NF2-fusion RIM without a 1p chromosomal arm loss. Significant differentially expressed genes included IGF-1 (log2 of fold change or logFC = 4.14, p=2.65E-05), MME (logFC = 3.03, p = 3.56E-03) and MMP16(logFC = 2.47, p=8.14E-03). Notably, the pathway analysis demonstrated that there was an upregulation of immune/inflammation pathways involving PD-1, STAT-4, IGF-1 and other genes in RIMs with NF2-fusion compared to RIMs with NF2 wildtype.

CONCLUSION

RIMs with the NF2-fusion event have a distinct gene expression profile, with upregulation of inflammatory pathways. Further studies need to be performed to validate these findings using immunohistochemistry. These results suggest that NF2-fusion RIMs may be candidates for immunotherapy.

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Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Neurology

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