Journal Article

Short-Term Smoking Cessation in English Resident Adults of Bangladeshi Origin: A Service Review

Saba Kassim, Mustafa Al-Haboubi and Ray Croucher

in Nicotine and Tobacco Research

Volume 18, issue 4, pages 410-415
Published in print April 2016 | ISSN: 1462-2203
Published online May 2015 | e-ISSN: 1469-994X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv097
Short-Term Smoking Cessation in English Resident Adults of Bangladeshi Origin: A Service Review

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  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Addictions and Substance Misuse

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Introduction:

Cigarette smoking in English residents of Bangladeshi origin, particularly men, exceeds national estimates. Cessation outcomes and potential predictors of successful cigarette smoking cessation in this group await identification.

Methods:

This service review reports cessation outcomes and predictors of success for 324 adult English resident Bangladeshi origin smokers recruited into a project providing a specialist tobacco cessation service. Interview measures included sociodemographics, tobacco use and dependence. Cessation data (self-reported and validated) at 4 weeks was also collected. Cessation rate and predictors of successful cessation, modeled using multiple logistic regressions, are reported.

Results:

Clients’ mean age was 45.59 (SD = 13.83) years. Thirty-three (10%) were females. Mean level of small area deprivation was 56.98 (SD = 5.37). Initial mean expired air carbon monoxide score was 11.66 parts per million (SD = 7.17). Thirty-eight per cent used combination nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) with behavioral support. Sixty-nine percent reported successful smoking cessation after 4 weeks, validated with carbon monoxide (mean =1.23 parts per million, SD = 1.32). Predictors of successful cessation were use of combined NRT with behavioral support (OR = 1.82, 95% CI = 1.07, 3.09), and community recruitment (OR = 1.85, 95% CI = 1.07, 3.22).

Conclusions:

English adult smokers of Bangladeshi origin resident in a highly disadvantaged locality, accessing community outreach services to help them quit and using NRT have validated short-term success rates greater than that locality’s general population who access National Health Service Stop Smoking Services to quit.

Journal Article.  3753 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology ; Addictions and Substance Misuse

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